An excerpt from the encyclical Miranda Prorsus (On Cinema, Radio, and Television), Pope Pius XII, September 8, 1957:
The pope is quoted below:
“The absorbing interest with which televised broadcasts of Catholic events are viewed by great numbers of spectators is well known to Us. It is obvious, of course, that to participate in the Eucharistic Sacrifice through the medium of television is not the same as being actually present at Mass, as is of obligation on holy days. We made this point some years ago in speaking of sound broadcasting. Nevertheless, those who for any reason are unable to be present in person at these religious ceremonies, are enabled by seeing them on television to obtain a rich harvest of blessings for the strengthening of their faith and the renewal of their fervor. We are well assured, therefore, that We may recommend such programs unreservedly."